NIKK WORKSHOP DISCUSSION
During the early 1900’s, a new variety of koi was created by the addition of sumi (black) markings to the basic
Kohaku patterns of red and white. This new variety was named Taisho Sanke and
is also referred to as simply Sanke. The positioning of the sumi accentuates
the beauty of the overall pattern. The difference between the Sanke and the Showa
is that the Sanke has a white base with red and black markings while the Showa has a black base with red and white markings. This is evident in the fins, the Sanke has predominately white fins with Houki
Zumi (black stripe or streaking, like a broom) where the Showa will have black in the fins often
Urushi Zumi Best
Sumi. Expression of highest quality Sumi. Urushi Zumi is Sumi that is shiny and has the depth
of black lacquer. Opposite terms would be Nabe Zumi, Susu Zumi and Funa
Obi Zumi Belt Sumi. A
shape of Sumi that is thin, long and square like an Obi (belt). Several Sumi
patches usually connect to create the pattern. Used mainly
to describe the Sumi in Taisho Sanshoku. The pattern must cross the backbone
and look like an Obi. It would be perpendicular to Tate Zumi.
Kuragake Saddle. Term
used to describe a pattern that crosses over the backbone and covers both sides of the body in the shape of horse’s
saddle. It is one of the most stable patterns.
It is usually used to describe a Hi pattern, but it could also describe a Sumi pattern.
Proper name of the variety usually called Sanke. Sanshoku means three
colors. While breeding Kohaku, Koi with black pigments suddenly appeared. While the primary evaluation is still based on the Kohaku pattern, the variety was
improved to have the added highlight of large, lacquer-black Sumi patches that these Koi are known for today.
Doka Zumi Large
Sumi. Also called Oh Zumi.
Red Sanke. Aka
is a term meaning red. A Taisho Sanshoku with a majority of
Hi and very little Shiroji. It is not a variety name, but rather a description. Although the lack of Shiroji makes the koi appear less dignified, it projects a dynamic
and powerful image. There are many distinguished
Aka Sanke with high quality Hi.
Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke) bred by Jinbei. It is
highly respected and established lineage, as is Matsunosuke.
Kuchibeni Lipstick. Hi
on the lips. Because it looks like lipstick, it can be very charming.
Seware Dividing the back.
A Hi pattern that has most of the Hi on the side with wide Shiroji on the back. A Hi pattern that looks as if it were dividing the Koi’s back.
Tezumi Sumi in the pectoral fins. While Sumi can cover any part of the fins, it is considered ideal that Tezumi
appear as Motoguro in the Kumonrryo, Shiro Utsuri,
and Showa. Some varieties would ideally have Motoaka,
the rest (except those of solid color) would ideally have white pectoral fins without Tezumi.
Menshiro White face. Indicates that both gill covers are white. Clean face that
has no Hi on the gill covers. It is particularly important in the Kohaku variety,
but it is not an absolute necessity. Even Menkaburi
can be judged an acceptable pattern when it is supported with other outstanding features.
Skin shine. Koi produce a secretion called the slime coat on the surface
of the body to protect the skin. Healthy Koi produce a lot of this secretion
and it creates a shine over the body. Unhealthy Koi produces less secretion and
thus the skin does not have sheen. This sheen is called Teri.
Tsubo Zumi Critical
Sumi. Sumi that appears in a critical area that balances the
pattern. May or may not appear in the Shiroji.
Kata Moyo A one-sided pattern. The term is used to describe an unbalanced
Hi pattern, where the center of balance seems to lean towards the left or the right.
This is not used when the pattern is one-sided on the first half or the second half.
Shita Zumi Sumi
beneath. Sumi that appears to be hiding below the surface of
the Shiroji. Sumi that is barely visible under the surface of the scales. Shita Zumi could emerge or disappear. Kage Zumi refers to Sumi that
has started to emerge and is seen on the skin as a shadow.
Keitou Bloodline. Generations
of Nishikigoi that have been produced by a single breeder to develop specific traits that are handed
down to successive generations. Some example are: Sensuke Kohaku and Jinbei Sanke. The
breeder name is usually given as part of the bloodline. A single bloodline is
profound enough to make a topic for an entire book.
Shiagari Finish. Koi
become more beautiful or less beautiful as time goes by. If a koi finishes well
and beautiful, we say it has good Shiagari. If a koi
does not finish well, then we say it has poor Shiagare.
Tate Hi Long
Hi. Hi plate that goes from the mouth towards the tail. Because there is no Maki, it lacks in power. A Hi Plate that
crosses over the backbone and has Maki is called Kuragake.
Also referred to as “Vertical Hi”
Literally a cord that runs diagonally across the back to hold up the sleeves of a kimono. Describes a pattern that crosses the back diagonally. It is not called Tasukigake when the pattern crosses the back in a straight line
(but it may then be Obi Sumi). If the Tasukigake is
thin then it may also be Himo Zumi
Tejima Striped Sumi. Most
often used to describe the pectoral fins of Taisho Sanshoku. Also
called Houki (broom) Zumi. It also used to be called Rentaiki (means flag of regiment)
because it looked like the flag of the old navy of Japan. It is said that a few
Tejima in Sanke makes the body pattern more stable.
Kaku Zumi Square
Sumi. Round Sumi is called Maru Zumi. Kake Zumi appears in bloodlines
such as Torazo Sanke or Jinbei Sanke.
This is a term used to describe Taisho Sanshoku, but is can also be used
to describe the Sumi of Showa Sanshoku.
Tome Sumi Stop Sumi. Tome means “stop”. A Sumi patch that ends in the tail section, or Sumi creating the
Odome of Sanke or Showa. Tome
Sumi is very important, and much more valuable that Hi in the Odome.
Tsukitsuke Hi pattern that runs over
the head and touches the nose. Has less Hi than a Menkabure
(or Zukinkaburi) pattern where the Hi covers the head.
Gin Me Silver
eyes. White rimmed eyes seen in Kohaku.
If the Koi has black eyes (Kuro Me), it is likely to be a Sanke or Showa.
Oh Zumi Relatively large Sumi on the body. Also
called Doka Zumi.
Inazuma Lightning. Term
used to describe the shape of the Hi Plate.
The pattern runs zigzag like lightning over the body. An Inazuma
pattern is highly valued because it alternately reveals the Shiroji.
Houki Zumi Broom
Sumi. Houki means “broom”. Sumi that looks like it was swept with a broom. Striped Sumi
pattern seen on the pectoral fins or tail fin of Taisho Sanshoku. Also
called Hashiri Zumi
(“running” Sumi) or Jejima (Hand striped”). A few light stripes are desirable. Extremely
strong stripes are not as favored.
Kasane Zumi Piled-up Sumi. Kasane literally
means “to pile up”. Sumi that is riding over or overlapping the Hi. Also
called Nose (Nose means “to Ride”) Zumi. Often simply called Kasane. Sumi on the Hi plate is not deeply rooted to the ground (as is Sumi in the Shirjoi),
and is thus not stable and can move as the Koi Grows. Dasane
Zumi of Taisho Sanshoku can disappear.
Hasami Zumi Sumi
Between. Sumi between the Hi plates. Term used to describe Sumi on Taisho Sankshoku.
Hasami Sumi is located the narrow Shiroji areas rather than appearing in the Hi plates.
Color enhancement. Because Nishikigoi can not create the red pigments
within their bodies, it is necessary to feed food with carotene to maintain the red coloration in Koi that have Hi plates. You can say the “Koi need Iroage” and it would
mean that the Koi needs to increase its color or that is should be fed color-enhancing food.
Scale Wrap. It is the cuticle of the skin which appears as a line drawn
in a ring around a scale. This name was taken from the term Fuku
(meaning to “cover” or “wrap”) and Rin (meaning “scale”). Fukurin
is most noticeable in Hikarimono, and was originally thought to occur only in metallic varieties
because it was harder to see in other varieties. Fukurin is now also seen in
large sized Kohaku and Taisho Sanshoku.